Climate and air quality
Bangkok enjoys a tropical wet climate with the greatest amounts of precipitation mainly occurring from June to November. Mid of January, the air temperature ranges, on average, from 22°C to 35°C with no rainfall (mean monthly rainfall: 0-10 mm).
Forests and Forestry
More information can be found here
According to the U.N. FAO, 37.1% or about 18,972,000 ha of Thailand is forested. Of this 35.5% is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest. Thailand had 3,986,000 ha of planted forest. Thailand has a rich and diverse flora of 15,000 species, which are around 10% of the world total biodiversity. Forests are an important ecosystem and key economic sector in Thailand, as well as being home to a large portion of the population. In 2018, forest products accounted for roughly 3.9 billion USD in exports - or about 1.2% of all exported goods and services.
Between 1990 and 2010, Thailand lost an average of 28,850 ha or 0.15% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Thailand lost 3.0% of its forest cover, or around 577,000 ha. This represents a lower recent rate of deforestation compared to other Mekong countries, and Thailand reports growth in total forest cover since 2010. Thailand has announced that it plans to increase its forest area by 23% before 2030, as part of its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution under the Paris Agreement. The country also has a goal of increasing economic (plantation) forest area by 15%.
Palm oil and tea are among the agricultural commodities linked to deforestation. Meanwhile, road construction is both a direct and an indirect driver, opening up new areas to timber harvesting and increasing its profitability.
Thailand has some 1715 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals, and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 5.1% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 5.8% are threatened. Thailand is home to at least 11625 species of vascular plants. 12.7% of Thailand is protected under IUCN categories I-V.
- For more information, see Department of Forests
How to reach the city center from the airport
We recommend participants to travel in the cityside and airport to Bangkok city by SKY Train or MRT subway.
- Bangkok Airport Rail Link, click here
- SKY Train, click here
- MRT Subway, click here
- Click on the map to view the full version.
Public transport in Bangkok is currently served by buses.
The bus company operating in the city is Bangkok Mass Transit Authority (BMTA).
The bus network map in Bangkok can be found here
Emergency telephone numbers
The most important institutions have three-digit telephone numbers that you can reach even without a SIM card inserted in your mobile phone. The service is free.
The Thailand’s country code: +66
- Emergency 1155
- Ambulance service phone 1554
- Police 191
- Fire Service 199
Legal tender – Baht (THB)
1 EUR = 35.64 THB
1 US Dollar (USD) = 33.01 THB
There is a dense network of Automated Teller Machines that accept all common types of international payment cards. It is also possible to pay with credit cards in the majority of shops, restaurants, and accommodation facilities.
The electrical network in Thailand has the voltage of 220V. Foreign visitors are advised to bring along travel adaptors to fit the outlets in the country.
Electrical sockets in Thailand are compatible with both flat parallel prongs (like in the United States and Japan) and two round pins (like in most European and Asian countries). While two-pin sockets are common in Thailand, some establishments like hotels and offices also have three-pin outlets installed. Visitors from countries that use 110-voltage electricity are recommended not to bring their personal 110V appliances.
Smoking is strictly prohibited in public spaces (restaurants, bars, airport, means of public transport, cultural facilities, health care facilities) and public areas, except for open-air areas.
It is recommended that all participants purchase commercial health insurance in their home country before arriving in Thailand. In case of acute illness or injury, the patient will be provided treatment in any hospital or emergency facility.
- Pharmacies in Bangkok - 7 days a week, 24 hours a day: 1155
Note a single dish can be selected as the most representative. Some dishes which have been widely discussed on the internet are: